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  • Caulk and weather strip your doors and windows to help keep the warm or cool air you pay to heat/cool inside your home so you will save energy and money.
  • Caulking should be soft and without cracks for optimum performance.
  • Use trees, shrubs or awnings at your windows to shade from the outside to avoid the heat of the sun during the summer. In the winter, remove the awnings and trim the trees and shrubs during the winter to take advantage of the sun's rays to warm your home.
  • Use draft stoppers at doors and windows.
  • Improve your home's energy performance by installing new energy-efficient windows. You may realize personal benefits from improved aesthetics and comfort even though it may take years to pay off the financial investment in overall energy savings.
  • If you make the decision to install new windows, make sure they are installed correctly by a certified professional.
  • In the summer, close curtains on the south and west facing windows during the hottest part of the day. Consider applying sun-control or reflective film to prevent the intense summer heat from entering your home.
  • Reflect heat away from your house by installing white window shades, drapes or blinds.
  • If you cannot make the financial investment to install new energy-efficient windows, make any necessary repairs to your existing windows to improve their efficiency.
  • Install tight-fitting window shades on drafty windows once you have weatherized them. For a low-cost measure, use heavy-duty, clear plastic sheets on the window frames during the winter. Tightly sealed plastic will reduce air infiltration.
  • Get an energy analysis. Find out where the common sources of air leaks are within your home.
  • To test for air leaks on your own, hold a burning candle next to your outside windows and doors on a windy day. If the flame flickers, there is an air leak present that needs to be sealed.
  • Make sure you have adequate insulation in your home.
  • Close fireplace dampers when the fireplace is not in use.
  • Put extra blankets on your bed.
  • You have probably heard that heat rises. That said, air at the floor level is cooler than the air at the ceiling, so always wear socks and/or shoes in your home during the winter.